How do we create the funnel?
Now here's the catch! Setting up this funnel does require time, effort and some initial capital. During this phase, you receive no income. You're investing your time in order to funnel that income in due course.
There are various ways to generate passive income such as real estate rentals (commercial spaces or even Air BNB), dividends, interest income, royalties, franchise fees, blogs, e-books, online courses, video tutorials, selling art online and so on. However, the option you select should be based on two metrics - time and money. We will discuss a few here which we can help you with:
Income from Dividends - Shareholders of stocks receive dividends in the form of cash in their bank account. High dividend-paying stocks is a good choice for those wanting to make a living with passive income, since there will be payouts each quarter or so. Blue-chip companies offer more dividend stocks. Research the financial standing and past performance of the company (last 15 - 20 years) to ensure desired dividend income in the long run. Taking financial advice on top dividend stock picks will always help. To receive dividend income, you can also invest in mutual Funds, Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) apart from stocks.
If you have substantial knowledge and skill you can make very good money in stock market trading of equities. If you diversify your stock investment in 10-12 good stocks you can definitely generate regular income. This is however risky and might occupy a lot of mind space. One should be updated on top performing equities/sectors and keenly follow the market to be able to generate income from trading.
Income from Private Equity Investing - Private equity investments refer to investing in equity or credit hedge funds, real estate funds, and private company funds. There will usually be 6 month - 3 year lock-in periods. If you invest in private company fund as a venture capitalist, you might not be able to get your money out for 5-10 years, depending on the success of the company. The risk and return here largely depends on your investing acumen, research-based judgment and access.
Income from Peer to Peer (P2P) Lending Sites - With banks and lending institutions being strict about the credit score, borrowers who are finding it difficult to get loans approved are resorting to these P2P lending platforms. They provide loan facilitation services from their platform. In fact, it is the technology layer that connects the lenders and the borrowers. They are treated as non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) and is recognized by the RBI. With access to credit records of borrowers from the credit bureaus, lenders can make informed lending decisions. However, being in its nascent stages in India it is advisable to wait for further guidelines for the sector from RBI. If you are tempted to invest there, we suggest you invest a very small portion of your investments or wealth in P2P lending. Some of the platforms doing well include i2ifunding, Faircent, Lendbox, i-lend, LenDenClub etc. This segment is expected to grow into a $4Bn - $5Bn dollar industry by 2023. This is surely something to watch out for.
Income from Rents - Real estate investment is a risky affair though it provides high returns. You can generate income by renting out the property you own. Generally rental yields are higher for commercial properties as compared to residential ones. But you need larger capital to buy a commercial property than residential ones thereby making the latter the favorite one. This however, this needs some amount of capital accumulation and time before you can reap the benefits.
Real estate crowdfunding is also an interesting option to watch out for in the near future. Through crowd-investing you can invest in a property development project, at very low prices in its early stages. You can exit the investment 1 to 3 years later as required gaining on the appreciated value of the property. Exiting the crowdfunded investment involves reselling the property which the investment firm takes care of in most cases.
You can add streams of passive income from various sources just so that you don't put all your eggs in one basket. Depending on what is working well for you, you can improvise on it and re-invest further as you go slowly building your own wealth-generating funnel. Even though these are ‘passive' forms of making money, they do require your initial attention, research, and effort.
While you're on your journey to create the passive income streams, keep the following in mind:
- Get Out of Debt - The less money you’re paying in interest to creditors, the more money you have in your pocket each month.
- Avoid ‘get rich quick’ schemes - When you’re offered a chance to earn lots of money without risk, it smells trouble. Stay out of it.
- Avoid any direct investments in technology - If you don’t understand them fully or if you don’t have a high-risk tolerance it is better not to make direct investments. It is not easy to predict what will click.
While passive income is not a get-rich-quick scheme and might not be the answer to all your financial problems, it is the seedling you’re planting from which you can reap benefits in future. Retirement in the true sense is achieved only when you don’t have to work to earn a living, but instead can count on reliable sources of passive income. Investment guru Warren Buffet says “If you don’t find a way to make money while you sleep, you will work until you die”, which means you must generate a passive income, else you will never achieve financial independence.