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Why shouldn't you miss investing in an Ultra Short Term Fund? March 4, 2011
In our previous article, we introduced Ultra Short Term Funds as an investment product. Here, we discuss various factors that are influencing better return generation from this fund category and feature our recommended funds.
Author : Dhanashri Rane


 Why shouldn't you miss investing in an Ultra Short Term Fund?

Given the weak macroeconomic circumstances, with spiraling prices of oil and food items and fresh tensions at the Eurozone, the growth rate for the year 2012 has slowed down. In its effort to lower inflation, the Reserve Bank of India cut the repo rate by 50 bps in its annual monetary policy meeting on 17th April 2012. However, a sharp rise in the value of rupee is not supporting the growth of the Indian capital market. The sentiment of the market turned more negative, after credit rating agency S&P downgraded India to negative from neutral.

It is expected that in medium and long end, supply from PSU /Sovereign issuers to continue as issuers take advantage of lower capital market borrowing rates vis-a-vis bank loans. This is expected to keep rates elevated on the bond yield curve in the near to medium term. Hence we remain positive at the short end, which should react to improvement in liquidity and any rate action. (Source: DWS Investments)

The chart 1 shows the upward trend in the yield curve for 3 months certificate of deposits (CDs) and commercial papers (CPs) that are issued by banks and corporates respectively in the bond market.

Since September 2009, when the government and central bank pumped in stimulus money in the economy on account of  the global financial crisis, the yields have gone up by almost three times.

In this scenario, investors who have surplus funds with them over a short-term time horizon can invest in fixed income mutual fund products - Fixed Maturity Plans (FMPs) and Ultra Short Term Funds and earn better post tax returns than savings account deposits which yields only 3-4%.

As FMPs come with a lock-in period (between 3 months, 12 months, 15 months), those who seek easy liquidity and have a 3-6 month horizon can  consider Ultra Short Term Funds.

 

Chart 1: Yield curve - 3 month instrument

source: Fundsupermart.com Compilations

Features of Ultra Short Term Funds
  • Fund Type: Open ended

  • Fund Category: Debt

  • Risk Rating: 1 – Lower Risk

  • Minimum Amount: INR 5,000 – 10,000 (retail plan)

  • Tax arbitrage: The dividend income from mutual funds is tax free; albeit the fund house pays a Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) of 13.84% [in case of non-liquid, debt funds such as Ultra Short Term Funds] before doling out the dividend to the investors.  Even with DDT, investors who pay income tax at 20% or more can opt for dividend option and take advantage of tax arbitrage. The difference in the NAV post dividend declaration will set off capital gains which would otherwise be taxed at your personal income slab as short-term capital gains.

  • Redemption: T+1 business day. For example, if you submit the request before 3pm today, then you may get the redemption amount (direct credit/cheque) by the next day but if it gets registered after 3pm, you shall receive the money the day after.

Recommended Funds: as there are more than 40 Ultra Short Term Funds available in the market, We recommend Top 3 Funds

DWS Ultra Short Term Fund: This fund invests in money market instruments, corporate bond papers and fixed deposits. Around 95% of the portfolio is invested in the high credit quality papers (AAA/P+) and rest in AA/P1 papers.

Fund Factsheet (as at 30 April 2012)

  • Yield-To-Maturity: 10.15%

  • Average Maturity: 0.20 years

  • AUM: 1958.86 crores

  • Benchmark: CRISIL Liquid Fund Index

  • Exit load: NIL

Why We Recommend: This fund has always been among the better performing ultra short term funds. It has outperformed its benchmark across 1, 3 and 5 year periods. The fund has generated CAGR return of 7.49% over 5 years as compared to 6.85% generated by the benchmark. Over the 3 year period, this fund has given 6.81% returns in comparison to 6.08% returns from its stated benchmark as at 30 Apr 2012. The salient feature of this fund is that there is no exit load on this fund. Hence, one can enter and exit the fund without any load.

Templeton India Ultra Short Bond Fund: This fund has 69.18% of the portfolio in A1+ rated instruments and it invests 91.33% of its total corpus into money market instruments. The remaining is invested in Cash and Current Assets.

Fund Factsheet (as at 30 April 2012)

  • Yield-To-Maturity: 10.64%

  • Average Maturity: 0.19 years

  • AUM: 1737.85 crores

  • Benchmark: CRISIL Liquid Fund Index

  • Exit load: Nil

Why We Recommend: As at 30 April 2012, this fund has outperformed its benchmark across 6 months, 1 year and 3 year periods. Over the past 1 year, this fund has given 9.50% returns, while the benchmark has returned 8.59% and over a 3 year period, this fund has given CAGR returns of 7.01%, while the benchmark has given 6.08%.

As at 30 Apr 2012, the fund's expense ratio stood at 0.85%. 

BNP Paribas Money Plus Fund: The fund aims to invest in floating rate debt instruments, fixed rate debt instruments, money market instruments and derivatives. As on 30 April, 2012, 2.39% of the portfolio is invested in corporate debt, 89.03% in money market instruments (CPs and CDs) and rest in CBLO/Repo instruments, Mutual Fund Units and Treasury Bills.

Fund Factsheet (as at 30 April 2012)

  • Yield-To-Maturity: 10.42%

  • Average Maturity: 0.33 years

  • Benchmark: CRISIL Liquid Fund Index

  • Exit load: Nil

Why We Recommend: The fund has always been among the top performing funds has outperformed its benchmark, Crisil Liquid Fund Index, across the period of 1, 3 and 5 year period. Over the past 1 year, this fund has given 9.24% returns as against the benchmark return of 8.59% and over a 3 year period, this fund has given CAGR returns of 7.04% as against the benchmark return of 6.07% and similarly for a period of 5 years the fund has given a return of 7.76% as against its benchmark, which returned 6.85%. As at 30 April the fund has a expense ratio of 1.49%.

Conclusion

As per the monthly factsheets, the Yield-To-Maturity (the rate of return anticipated on the fund if it is held until the date of maturity) of most of the Ultra Short Term Funds is currently at much higher levels than the 3-4% return from savings account. Also, since the portfolio of these funds is composed of money market instruments i.e. CDs and CPs and corporate bonds, the credit profile varies across AAA and AA rated for corporate papers, PR+, P1+, P1 rating for CDs and CPs which are well rated.

Hence, these products can be considered by retail investors as they not only offer good post tax returns and easy liquidity but also are less volatile than equity asset class in the intermediate period. Thus, Ultra Short Term Funds work as a good investment product for short-term horizon than the traditional savings account deposit. 

Related Article: Answer to Intermediate Investing: Ultra Short Term Funds

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Disclaimer: iFAST and/or its content and research team’s licensed representatives may own or have positions in the mutual funds of any of the Asset Management Company mentioned or referred to in the article, and may from time to time add or dispose of, or be materially interested in any such. This article is not to be construed as an offer or solicitation for the subscription, purchase or sale of any mutual fund. No investment decision should be taken without first viewing a mutual fund's scheme information document including statement of additional information. Any advice herein is made on a general basis and does not take into account the specific investment objectives of the specific person or group of persons. Investors should seek for professional investment, tax, and legal advice before making an investment or any other decision. Past performance and any forecast is not necessarily indicative of the future or likely performance of the mutual fund. The value of mutual funds and the income from them may fall as well as rise. Opinions expressed herein are subject to change without notice. Please read our disclaimer on the website.Please read our disclaimer in the website. Risk Factors: Mutual funds, like securities investments, are subject to market risks and there is no guarantee against loss in the Scheme or that the Scheme’s objectives will be achieved. As with any investment in securities, the NAV of the Units issued under the Scheme can go up or down depending on various factors and forces affecting capital markets. Past performance of the Sponsor/the AMC/the Mutual Fund does not indicate the future performance of the Scheme. The name of the Scheme does not in any manner indicate the quality of the Scheme, its future prospects or returns. Please read the Statement of Additional Information and Scheme Information Document carefully before investing.



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